Author Archives: stokerpoe19
In fact, the number actually rose above 2000. When Japanese air forces arrived at the Naval base of Pearl Harbor near Honolulu, Hawaii around 8 in the morning, they brought with them undeniable destruction that thrust the United States into World War II, which lead to nearly five years of battle between America and Japan as well as Germany.
My grandfather at the age of just twenty heard of the attack and soon after joined the USMC (The Marine Corps), and served in the 1st Batallion, 1st Regiment in Japan, and participated in the Battle of Guadalcanal a short while later. Pearl Harbor not only changed the world forever, it also changed my family forever. As a Corporal, my grandfather saw the story of what Japan was capable of with his own eyes; he faced near certain death every day, but he came home and hardly ever spoke of what he witnessed. After his death in 1976, my family kept his uniform and a flag he brought home from Japan, which I remember finding as a girl and being fascinated by my family hero. His heroism began with Pearl Harbor, as did the heroism of countless other men and women who joined the Second World War. We owe everything to the sacrifice of the citizens of Pearl Harbor and that is why we still remember them to this day and for the days to come.
Made famous in the movie Braveheart, Robert the Bruce would become King Robert I of Scotland (he was crowned in 1306, but the Scottish War for Independence would last nearly twenty more years). He defeated English forces in Battle before, but his chances of victory increased when King Edward I died and was succeeded by his son Edward of Caernarfon, who was more occupied with unrest between the nobles of his own court and the murder of his favorite and possible lover Piers Gaveston. Edward II was not a warrior king as his father had been and when he invaded Scotland in late 1322, but Bruce’s tactics of trickery left the English starving in a famine and when the king and his wife Queen Isabella took refuge at Byland Abbey in North Yorkshire, Bruce’s troops attacked and forced the royal couple to flee back to England. The Scots had won their freedom.
Edward was born to great fanfare and relief at Hampton Court Palace as the only legitimate son of Henry VIII, though his mother, Henry’s third wife Jane Seymour, died of complication from the birth and labor, which lasted for three days. The prince was brought up by stepmothers and the women of his father’s household, and though he was only nine years old when he came to the throne of England and Ireland, he was highly intelligent and talented, and is described as a rather aloof young man, though he was also generous and kind like his mother, whom he was said to resemble right down to the color of his blond hair.
When in 1553 Edward grew devastatingly ill with what many believe to be tuberculosis (similar to his illegitimate half-brother Henry Fitzroy who died of the disease in 1536), he knew that he had to take drastic steps for his succession; while his oldest sister Mary was supposed to inherit the crown next, she was a devout Catholic and Edward had worked to secure Protestantism as the official religion of his country and feared that she would undo all he and his father had accomplished with the Reformation, and Elizabeth’s true legitimacy was still questioned due to charges of adultery and high treason that led to the execution of her mother Anne Boleyn. In a bold move, he declared in his will that his successor would be his cousin Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duchess of Suffolk and granddaughter to Henry VIII’s sister. When Edward finally did die at the age of just fifteen, it sparked a small civil war between Jane’s family (she was married to the son of the ambitious Duke of Northumberland who wanted a puppet to control on the throne) and Mary, who was the rightful heir. In the End, Jane ruled for just nine short days before being imprisoned in the Tower of London where she was later executed along with her husband and father-in-law and Mary was declared Queen of England in her own right.