Today marks the day that Elizabeth Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn, was crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey. The festivities began a day before with a procession through London, but it wasn’t until January 15 that the Crown of Saint Edward was placed upon her head and she was anointed with holy oil to symbolize that she was God and England’s chosen. She wore a gown made of cloth of gold and an ermine-lined cloak, pictured above in the official portrait made to mark the occasion. Elizabeth would go on to reign as sole sovereign in her own right for forty-four years, becoming the longest reigning monarch at the time, her rule becoming known as England’s Golden Age. The last surviving member of the Tudor family, she died at Richmond Palace on 24 March 1603 at the age of sixty-nine and was succeeded by her cousin, Scotland’s James VI, effectively uniting the two nations.
1559 – Coronation of Elizabeth I